Cannabidiol or CBD has become relatively ubiquitous; you can now find CBD infused products at your local health food store, vitamin shop, and many online retailers. However, if you are new to CBD, you may find yourself confused by the different “types” of CBD available. In this article, we discuss pure CBD vs. full spectrum CBD or whole plant CBD. We will discuss types of CBD, how they are made, common derivative products, and why TheraJoy products always contain 99% pure CBD.
Pure CBD Vs. Full Spectrum CBD Or Whole Plant CBD
Cannabidiol or CBD has become relatively ubiquitous; you can now find CBD infused products at your local health food store, vitamin shop, and many online retailers. However, if you are new to CBD, you may find yourself confused by the different “types” of CBD available.
Types of CBD:
- Pure CBD
- Full Spectrum CBD or Whole Plant CBD
CBD Isolate or CBD Crystals
The purest form available, CBD isolate can be 99% pure CBD. CBD isolate is a white crystal.
CBD isolate is all-natural cannabidiol in its purest form. The CBD compounds found in hemp oil are isolated and then refined down to an incredible purity to eliminate oils, plant material, waxes, chlorophyll, and more.
CBD isolate can be used to create a variety of CBD products, including vaping juices, edibles, pills, oils, tinctures, topicals, sprays and more.
Full Spectrum CBD Or Whole Plant CBD
Full spectrum CBD and whole plant CBD are one and the same. This type of CBD contains a number of additional value-add cannabinoids, but it can also contain trace amounts of THC. Full spectrum CBD or whole plant CBD contains a maximum of 60% CBD.
When CBD is referred to as full spectrum or whole plant CBD, it means that the CBD contains all other cannabinoids found in the marijuana plant including CBN (Cannabinol), CBG (Cannabigerol), and THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin), to name a few. And yes, along with these cannabinoids, Full Spectrum CBD also contains trace amounts of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), but in very low concentrations (up to .3%), resulting in very minimal psychoactive stimulation.
While often containing complementary cannabinoids, CBD oils generally max at 60% CBD.
CBD is one of many compounds, known as cannabinoids, in the cannabis plant. Researchers have been looking at the possible therapeutic uses of CBD.
CBD oils are oils that contain concentrations of CBD. The concentrations and the uses of these oils vary.
Extracting CBD Oil
CBD Oil can be extracted in three ways:
- CO2 Extraction. While requiring expensive equipment and specialized experience, CO2 extraction provides CBD that is safe, potent and free from chlorophyll.
- Ethanol. This method destroys plant waxes, that may have health benefits, but it can easily and safely be done at home with high-grade grain alcohol.
- Olive Oil. Another simple, safe and inexpensive process. However, CBD infused olive oil is perishable and will spoil if not properly stored.
Similar to CBD isolate, CBD oil can be used to create a variety of CBD products, including vaping juices, edibles, pills, oils, tinctures, topicals, sprays and more.
Similar to CBD oils, most CBD tinctures max at 60% CBD. Traditionally tinctures are made using alcohol and raw plant materials.
CBD tinctures are liquid extracts of hemp combined with alcohol, vegetable glycerin or oil like cinnamon or peppermint. Like oils, tinctures are also consumed sublingually, allowing for fast absorption, but tinctures generally contain less potent levels of CBD. Their sweeter flavor, though, allows them to be easily added to other food or beverages, which means they can be conveniently ingested in a variety of ways.
The “Green Dragon” Recipe
Most CBD tinctures are made using alcohol and “flower or extract”. This is a simple version of the “green dragon” recipe.
- Decarboxylate your flower or extract (if you’re using flower, grind it to a fine consistency)
- Mix your flower or extract in a mason jar with high-proof alcohol (preferably Everclear)
- Close the jar and let it sit for a few weeks, shaking it once a day
- After a few weeks, filter it with a coffee filter and start with a small dose of 1mL to assess potency
CBD Tinctures From Isolate
However, a number of people have had success making CBD tinctures using alcohol and CBD isolate. By using CBD isolate, they can guarantee they have a CBD tincture without any THC, plant material or excess waxes.
At TheraJoy, we have been making CBD products in the US for three years, and are proudly a market leader in topical CBD. TheraJoy is always made with 99% pure CBD derived from medical grade, non-GMO hemp, sourced directly from Switzerland. Our products use CBD isolate to guarantee the purest product available, free from plant material and waxes.
Remember, always consult your doctor before you begin taking a supplement or make any changes to your existing medication and supplement routine. This blog post is not intended to be medical advice, but it is information you can use as a conversation-starter with your doctor at your next appointment.